The Financial Budget Law, which was passed inside the parliament dome, contains many important articles that will have an impact on the political reality, especially those paragraphs that pertain to the government of Baghdad and the Kurdistan Region.
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Materials in the budget, the oil file between the federal government and the Kurdistan region was well settled, later it was broken (almost rightfully so), so Baghdad was responsible for Erbil under several conditions, most notably the delivery of 400 barrels of oil per day against accountability of 12.7% to the Kurds.
After almost a month passed, upon the approval of the balance and the approval of the President of the Republic, and its publication in Al-Waqi’e Al-Iraqiya newspaper, everyone was waiting for the position of the Kurdistan Region, and the extent of the possibility of commitment to the terms of the political agreement and the balance, especially since the powers of Kurdistan are known in the political circles for their “unreliability”.
The report of the British Argos website, specialized in economic affairs, revealed the details of supplying the Kurdistan region with 50-60 thousand barrels of oil per day to Baghdad only, while confirming that Kurdistan did not adhere to the agreement with the federal government.
The report, translated by the Agency / Al-Maluma, states, “This indicates a kind of partial commitment to the region, including the closure of oil exports through the port of Ceyhan, the fifth city in an attempt to pressure Baghdad against waiving the fine imposed by the International Court of Justice against Turkey to compensate Iraq for illegal exports.” “.
He adds: “According to the agreement with Baghdad, the Kurdistan region must supply the facilities of Jehan to Turkey with at least 400 thousand barrels and it will be marketed through the Somo company owned by the Iraqi government. If it is not possible to export the oil through the port of Jehan or other specified ports, then the oil will be redirected to local refining. including al-Masafī in the north of the country”.
The source, who declined to be identified, said that “production may be slightly higher than 50,000 barrels per day, but the Kurdistan Regional Government is still far from reaching the target of 400,000 barrels per day, and it remains to be seen how Erbil will compensate the federal government for the current levels of crude supply, as it And against that, the province should get 12.6 percent of the federal budget.
The report explains that “Turkey and Iraq are still in negotiations regarding the resumption of 470,000 barrels per day of crude oil exports from northern Iraq, as they ordered the closure of the pipeline that transports crude oil from the Kurdistan Region of Iraq to Jehan for delivery to export markets last March.” Turkey suspended after the Paris-based International Chamber of Commerce arbitral tribunal ruled that Ankara had violated the 1973 agreement with Iraq by allowing the export of crude oil sold by the Kurdistan Regional Government without Baghdad’s approval. Other”.
The report points out that “the office of the Iraqi Prime Minister has stated yesterday that Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan is scheduled to visit Baghdad, without specifying a date”, adding that “it will not happen next week”.
On the other hand, the former member of the Oil and Gas Committee of the Parliament, Ghalib Muhammad, today, Wednesday, the oil file in the Kurdistan Region and according to the financial balance law is “under the control” of the Baghdad government, while he confirmed that the federal government has 3 options to control the oil of the region.
Muhammad says, in a hadith to Al-Malawah / Al-Maluma /, that “According to Articles 13 and 14 of the Financial Budget Law, the limit of the quantities that the province is committed to handing over to the federal government is 400,000 barrels of oil.”
“Iraqi government is the first responsible for dealing with the oil of the Kurdistan region, meaning that the oil of Kurdistan constitutionally and according to the budget law is under the control of Baghdad through the Ministry of Oil of Iraq and the Sumo company.”
A member of the Parliamentary Oil Committee affirms that “the federal government is required to take a number of measures in dealing with regional oil, including sending it to Iran and using it in exchange of oil for gas or agreeing with Turkey and sending it across the world.”
Muhammad continues that “Baghdad can use oil quantities internally, and through the border crossings located in Kurdistan and adjacent to the borders of the region”.
Violation of the powers of the Kurdistan Region to the political agreement with the federal government, and multiplying the contents of the budget “over the wall”, the order is not new for them, as they are well aware that no punishments will be imposed on them, and they will continue the policy of “investigation”.